Pregnancy is one of the factors that predisposes a woman to Candidiasis that is the common yeast or fungal infection that takes place in the vagina or the vulva region of women. The pathogens that are mainly involved in this infection are Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, and Candida tropicalis. Other than pregnancy other factors like diabetes, use of birth control pills, corticosteroids and other broad spectrum antibiotics can increase your chances of getting Candida yeast infection. Any women affected with HIV are also prone to such Vulvovaginal Candidiasis quite easily.
Candida in pregnancy usually does not cause any adverse kind of effects to the baby or the mother. But in case of any HIV infection when the person’s immunity system is highly suppressed to such fungi, Candida overgrowth can start in the gastrointestinal tract of the patient and from there it can easily spread through our bloodstream. In such cases Candidiasis can also turn out to be a severe and fatal disease. The yeast infection can take place even in the blood of the person who is taking various nutrition supplements that are high in sugar for a long time.
Symptoms of Candida in Pregnancy
During pregnancy if the woman is affected by any yeast infection, then the vulva or the vaginal region starts itching. A cottage cheese or curd like white discharge is reported on the vaginal walls during fungal infections. Bleeding may also occur from the vagina if you try to forcefully remove the discharge from the walls of the vagina. Candidiasis can also occur in the thrush areas of newborn babies of the pregnant women and the patients whose immune system is suppressed.
In the approaching term, one-fourth of all the pregnant women, are affected by Candidiasis and after examination these Candida yeast cells can be cultured from the vaginal region of the pregnant lady. In some of the cases this infection does not require any specific treatment and even they do no experience any signs or symptoms. After the pregnancy ends, the Candida in pregnancy usually stops occurring as well.
Treatment of Candida in Pregnancy
Vulvovaginitis Candidiasis should be treated immediately in case of pregnant women with the help of various safe medications from your doctor and there is no need of fearing for that. During pregnancy one can also use tropical corticosteroids which can reduce the itching and redness of the infection and they are considered to be absolutely safe, but again should be consulted with your doctor before using.
The Candida pregnancy risks can be reduced consequently if the pregnant woman keeps the perineal region clean and dry, and ensures that the area is cleaned on a daily basis. Also ensure the undergarments should be made from cotton to allow the area to breath. Moreover, she should avoid any kind of water jet, or current of water, or vapour from getting to the vulva or vaginal regions which can increase the irritation severely. Bubble baths should also be strictly avoided. Though Candida in pregnancy is not always transmitted through sexual contact but sometimes oral sex can effect even your sexual partner, so be cautious about the preventive measures and use the proper medication as suggested by the doctor. Discover more treatment options here!
According to a study made By PubMed, a study was made upon 28 pregnant women who were in their third trimester and were suffering from Candida infection. All of them were treated with Gynazol that consists of 2% butoconazole nitrate and was applied only once in their vaginal region. After 10-14 days vaginal swab and culture and subjective complaints were reported. The result of the study was that in 24 cases Candida albicans was isolated and in 3 and 1 of the 28 cases Candida parapsilosis & Candida tropicalis respectively. After the initiation of the Treatment, Gyzanol had led to a decrease in the symptoms of Candida within 24-48 hours.
Thus we can say Gyzanol can be an effective medicine in the case of recurrent Candida pregnancy infections
Another studied showed that, the growing baby or the foetus does not always get affected due to the Candida overgrowth occurring in pregnancy. But as the foetus passes through the birth canal, there is a chance that the foetus contracts it before the women giving birth to the baby goes into labour. In such cases the new-born develops a fungal or Candida yeast infection which is commonly known as thrush and is characterized mainly by patches that are white in colour on the roof and sides of the mouth of the new-born. It is also sometimes found on the tongue of the baby.
So overall, it’s very important for a pregnant women who had Candida yeast infection to seek medical advice and follow a course of anti-fungal medication with the help of their doctor. As by leaving a yeast infection untreated, it could be highly likely to be passed onto their new-born child during birth. So it is very important to nip the infection in its buds by the preventive measures and consulting your doctor.
Vaginal yeast infections during pregnancy – Canadian Family Physician Journal – 2009 – by Derrick Soong and Adrienne Einarson
Candida infection during pregnancy – Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) – 2007 – by Nikolov A, Shopova E, Mikhova M, Dimitrov A.